Center for Common Disease Genomics [CCDG] - Cardiovascular: SWISS-AF/SWISS-AF-PVI/BEAT-AF
This study is a part of NHGRI's Centers for Common Disease Genomics (CCDG), which is a collaborative large-scale genome sequencing effort to comprehensively identify rare risk and protective variants contributing to multiple common disease phenotypes. Current estimates anticipate that the CCDG program will sequence approximately 140K whole genomes and 225K whole exomes during the life of the project.
The Cardiovascular Disease working group of the CCDG considered five diseases: early-onset coronary artery disease (EOCAD), stroke, atrial fibrillation (AF), congestive heart failure and type 2 diabetes. AF will affect between 6-12 million individuals in the US by 2050. AF is also associated with increased risks of stroke, dementia, heart failure, death, and high health care costs. Many risk factors for AF have been identified, including advancing age, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and CVD risk factors. However, there is little knowledge how to prevent AF. Furthermore, therapies for AF are only partially effective, and are themselves associated with substantial morbidity. Previously, heritable forms of AF have been considered rare; yet in the last decade, it has been established that AF, and in particular early-onset forms of AF, are heritable. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) provide a powerful tool to identify common variants underlying disease risk. The AFGen Consortium currently consists of investigators from more than 25 studies with >20,000 individuals with AF and >100,000 without AF. In the latest analyses, 14 loci have been identified for AF1. Broadly, the loci implicate genes related to cardiopulmonary development, cardiac-expressed ion channels, and cell signaling molecules.
Three collections were brought together to form Swiss atrial fibrillation cases: SWISS-AF, SWISS-AF-PVI, and BEAT-AF. SWISS-AF is a prospective observational, multicentric cohort study in Switzerland to increase our knowledge on structural brain damage and its changes over time in patients with atrial fibrillation. Overall, 2400 patients with documented atrial fibrillation aged >65 years will be included and followed on a yearly basis. SWISS-AF-PVI is a registry of patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing catheter-based ablation of atrial fibrillation (pulmonary vein isolation) to determine long-term success rates of catheter-based ablation of atrial fibrillation (pulmonary vein isolation) and to evaluate factors associated with long-term success of catheter-based ablation of atrial fibrillation (pulmonary vein isolation). BEAT-AF is a prospective observational, multicenter cohort study in Switzerland. Overall, 1550 patients with documented atrial fibrillation were enrolled in seven study centers. The main aim of this study is to investigate the therapy and the medical consequences of patients with atrial fibrillation. Samples from all three collections were sent to The Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard to generate genetic data using whole exome sequencing and whole genome genotyping (Infinium Global Screening Array); all cases with atrial fibrillation.
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This study has been divided into the following workspaces by consent codes and optionally the originating laboratory.
|Terra Workspace Name||Consent Code||Disease||Access||Study Design||Data Type||Samples||Participants||Size (TB)|
|AnVIL_CCDG_Broad_CVD_AF_Swiss_Cases_DS-MDS_Arrays||TBD||atrial fibrillation||Controlled Access||Case-Control||Genotyping Array||4,461||4,461||0.76|
|AnVIL_CCDG_Broad_CVD_AF_Swiss_Cases_DS-MDS_WES||TBD||atrial fibrillation||Controlled Access||TBD||Exome||4,546||4,546||4.26|